About treatment of dementia

About treatment of dementia

About treatment of dementia

Alzheimer-type dementia is a disease that causes various problems in daily life due to significant decline of memory and judgment.
Currently, there are no treatments known to reverse Alzheimer-type dementia. Therefore, the measures adopted for patients with Alzheimer-type dementia are aimed at helping the patient live comfortably and at reducing the burden on the families and caregivers. The main measures are “non-drug therapy” that helps the patient keep his/her mind in shape by stimulating his/her emotions and interests, and “drug therapy,” with various drugs used for Alzheimer-type dementia.

Non-drug therapy

This is aimed at creating a comfortable environment by making use of what the patient can do and what he/she is interested in. Various therapies have been reported, such as the “reminiscence method.” This method aims at reinforcing the self-image of the patient, by providing him/her with an opportunity to look back over his/her life through the use of songs, toys, and tools that he/she is familiar with. Communication with the family and friends, chatting at day-care facilities and group homes, games, etc., are also important stimuli to keep the brain and mind active.

Drug treatment for dementia

Drug treatment for dementia

There are still no treatments that can restore the impaired memory and cognitive function in patients with Alzheimer-type dementia or completely cure the disease.
The main aim of drug therapy is to slow down the progression of symptoms and to reduce the severity of symptoms such as anxiety, delusions and insomnia.
Slowing down the progression allows the patient to spend more time with the family, and can also lead to a reduction in the burden imposed on the family and caregivers.

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